Hemp Oil For Dogs

Hemp Oil For Dogs

Hemp Oil For DogsWith all of the human benefits being discovered in cannabinoids, many wonder if there any legitimacy in using hemp oil for dogs?

There are many ongoing studies on the use of hemp oil, including the almost countless cannabinoids extracted from full spectrum hemp oil to treat human maladies. However, many studies are now showing that hemp oil may have great promise with dogs, and now there is an ever increasing cross over from human to veterinary use.

With the Farm Bill of 2018[1], hemp was removed from the schedule 1 controlled substances list. By legal definition, hemp and its derivatives must contain less than 0.3% THC – which means hemp products will not get you high.

Additionally, there are no known side effects with hemp oil. If you had any concern about whether hemp oil is safe for dogs, you should feel a whole lot better.

In full spectrum hemp oil, you are getting the cannabinoids of the plant, and typically a healthy dose of hemp seed oil which contain some very healthy ingredients. The nutritional profile alone is enough to consider using hemp oil for dogs.

Essential Fatty Acids in Hemp Seed Oil for Dogs

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Has Essential Fatty Acids For DogsLike their human counterparts, dogs need to acquire certain essential fatty acids (EFAs) from their food or supplementation. Hemp oil contains all the EFAs we need and in the perfect balance which is 3:1. However, dogs require a ratio of 4:1 which requires slightly more omega 6, but the best hemp oil for dogs will account for this.

Essential fatty acids in dogs are necessary for maintaining the healthy structure of muscle organs (i.e. the heart), maintaining a healthy coat and skin (it’s often used for dogs with dry skin), build liver cells, improve digestion and strengthen joints.

Essential fatty acids also play a number of other roles, such as inhibiting the clotting of blood, regulating inflammatory processes and more.

Vitamins, Mineral and Antioxidants in Hemp Seed Oil for Dogs

Hemp Oil Has Vitamins And Minerals For DogsFull spectrum hemp oil contains all of the cannabinoids indicated in the treatment of pain and inflammation – which is great news for dogs. But first let’s take a look at the healthy nutritional profile contained in hemp seed oil (which is typically added in to full spectrum hemp oil to include all of these health benefits):

Vitamin E – is a powerful antioxidant which can help defend against free radicals in the skin and other cells. It’s fat soluble, and is also great for a canine’s immune system, nerve cell membranes, muscles, heart, liver and skin/coat.

Beta-carotene – is a carotenoid that is found in hemp oil and has proven to restore immune responses in older dogs[3].

Phospholipids – are also present, and in addition to being key structural components of cells, they play an integral role in the functioning of membranes.

Phytosterols – is a plant sterol which is used in some hemp oil pet formulations to assist with AIDS, cancer, stomatitis, chronic allergies and other immune conditions.

Calcium and Phosphorus – which are essential for muscle growth, nerve system function and blood coagulation.

Magnesium – is important for muscle and bone development, in addition to assisting with a dog’s ability to absorb calcium.

Iron – can be can be useful for dogs with anemia (low levels of red blood cells), although iron supplementation isn’t often necessary for dogs.

Zinc – is found in trace amounts found in hemp seed oil, and helps dogs with maintaining a proper immune system and thyroid function, in addition to benefiting the coat and skin. There is also a serious condition called zinc responsive dermatosis which can be present in dogs with a zinc deficiency.

Chlorophyll – is a green pigment found in most plants and algae, and can help dogs to replenish their red blood cells. It’s also known to help fight infection, heal wounds, cleanse cells, work as an antioxidant for the digestion system and liver, and assist in a number of other bodily functions.

Cannabinoids in Full Spectrum Hemp Oil for Dogs

Hemp Oil Helps DogsThe nutritional benefits mentioned above are just a snippet of what can be found in full spectrum hemp oil (which typically contains hemp seed oil). However, when it comes to medicinal applications, full spectrum hemp oil really shines because of its cannabinoids.

Dogs with more serious health conditions (like dysplasia of the hip) may have need for full spectrum hemp oil which contains over a hundred cannabinoids. While it’s possible to have a cannabinoid isolate (the most common being CBD oil for dogs, or Cannabidiol oil), the entourage effect[3] has shown that test subjects receive far more medical benefits when all of the cannabinoids (CBN, CBC, CBG, CBD, terpenes, flavonoids, etc.) are together as opposed to when they are isolated, like CBD oil.

Like humans, dogs have an endocannabinoid system with cannabinoid receptors. These play a crucial role in modulating pain, anxiety, nausea, appetite, mood and more.

Unlike certain medications – at the correct hemp oil dosage for dogs – there are no dangerous side effects such as liver, kidney or GI tract damage. More research is required in the use of cannabinoids in veterinary medicine, but there has been some progress. According to one paper[4], professionals found that CBD formulations were successful in treating dogs for ailments including acute and chronic pain, in addition to relieving anxiety (a common issue with certain dogs of a nervous disposition), and decreasing seizure severity and frequency. For a natural treatment, it’s safe to say that it’s possible to use hemp oil for dog seizures.

Hemp oil for dogs with joint pain is also proven to be an effective treatment[5]. One study showed a significant decrease in pain as well as an increase in activity in dogs with osteoarthritis when treated with CBD. There are few studies if any on hemp oil for dogs with cancer, but it’s widely used now as an alternative therapy to help relieve suffering. Hemp oil is often chosen by owners when chemotherapy isn’t likely to be a successful (or comfortable) treatment, or is too expensive due to a lack of insurance coverage.

As you can see, hemp oil shows amazing promise both as a supplement and for medicinal purposes in canines. However, as with any supplement or treatment, it’s best to consult your veterinarian before making a decision to use hemp oil for dogs, regardless of the reason.

This should go without say, but do not give your dog any oil or cannabis product that contains THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. It is important to know that THC is toxic for dogs[6]. By law, hemp oil products do not contain THC, or it is in such a miniscule amount, that it has no effect.

References
1. H.R.5485 – Hemp Farming Act of 2018 (2018, December) https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/5485
2. Massimino S, Kearns RJ, Loos KM, Burr J, Park JS, Chew B, Adams S, Hayek MG. (2003, December) Effects of age and dietary beta-carotene on immunological variables in dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 17(6):835-42.
3. Ben-Shabat S, Fride E, Sheskin T, Tamiri T, Rhee MH, Vogel Z, Bisogno T, De Petrocellis L, Di Marzo V, Mechoulam R (1998, July) An entourage effect: inactive endogenous fatty acid glycerol esters enhance 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol cannabinoid activity. Eur J Pharmacol, 17;353(1):23-31.
4. L, Schoenfeld-Tacher R, Hellyer P, Rishniw M. (2019, January) US Veterinarians’ Knowledge, Experience, and Perception Regarding the Use of Cannabidiol for Canine Medical Conditions. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 5:338.
5. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, Schwark WS, Mann S, Wolfe L, Brown H, Berthelsen ES, Wakshlag JJ. (2018, July) Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 5:165.
6. Brutlag A, Hommerding H. (2018, November) Toxicology of Marijuana, Synthetic Cannabinoids, and Cannabidiol in Dogs and Cats. The Veterinary Clinics of North America, 48(6):1087-1102.
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