Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil – Why It Matters

Full Spectrum Hemp OilFull spectrum hemp oil has a special extraction process where all of the cannabinoids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, proteins and terpenes found in the original hemp plant are present in the pure oil.

The reason full spectrum hemp oil matters is that treatment with full spectrum hemp oil has demonstrated far more health benefits than treatment with CBD alone.

This will be discussed further below, but the synergistic effect of treating the body with all these cannabinoids together is referred to as The Entourage Effect[1].

In order to understand how full spectrum oil affects your body, it is important to first cover the body’s Endocannabinoid System, or ECS.

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil And Your Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

Endocannabinoid System CB Receptors

If you missed that you had an Endocannabinoid System in high school biology, you should take comfort in the fact that it was first discovered by Dr. L.A. Matsuda in 1990[2].

In studying how THC intoxicates our bodies, scientists discovered that we have an entire endocannabinoid system (ECS) where neurotransmitters bind to cannabinoid receptors.

Our ECS system is not 100% understood yet, however, we do know that ECS is responsible for fine-tuning our balance with certain physiological functions, such as pain, sleep, memory, mood, appetite and inflammation.

As it turns out, there are two primary ECS receptors, CB1 and CB2, and these receptors react to different cannabinoids.

CB1 Receptors – These are primarily found in nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, reproductive and urinary tracts, spleen, endocrine gland and white blood cells.

CB1 receptors are primarily responsible for the psychoactive effect you feel with THC.

CB2 Receptors –These are found in the immune system, white blood cells, spleen, brain, thymus gland, tonsils and gastrointestinal system.

CB2 receptors are responsible for cannabis’s medicinal properties, most notably its effect on treating inflammation. But there are far more benefits that we will cover further below.

Further adding to the importance of ECS, researchers and scientists have found that a shortage of cannabinoids in our system, referred to as endocannabinoid deficiency[53], can be a precursor to many diseases.

Now let’s discuss the primary cannabinoids found in full spectrum hemp oil, and how they can help.

The Cannabinoids In Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

There is a list of over 100 known cannabinoids, but here is a short list that has some very impressive qualities:

Full Spectrum CBDCBD – Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive compound that has been the main topic of conversation in the media and at home.

CBD has demonstrated an exciting potential for treatment, and has shown notable results in treating the following disorders, conditions or diseases:

• Nausea[12]
• Vomiting
• Inflammation
• Pain[28,29]
• Arthritis[10]
• Migraines[3]
• Anxiety[8,9]
• Obesity
• Psychosis
• Schizophrenia
• Alzheimer’s[4,5,6,7]
• ALS (Amytotraphic Lateral Sclerosis)
• Parkinson’s[11]
• Multiple Sclerosis[13,14,15,16]
• Crohn’s Disease (IBS)[30,31]
• Epilepsy[23,24,25,26,27]
• Seizures[23,24,25,26,27]
• PTSD
• Cirrhosis
• Spinal Cord Injury
• Spinal Cord Disease
• Diabetes
• Cancer[17,18,19,20,21,22]

As you can see, there are numerous benefits to CBD. But don’t forget that thing called The Entourage Effect, which happens when you have all the cannabinoids found in full spectrum hemp oil – not just CBD alone.

Full Spectrum CBNCBN – Cannabinol has proven in studies to be a highly effective sleep aid, which makes it a therapeutic option for insomnia, sleep apnea and other sleeping disorders. Studies have shown that it significantly helps in prolonging sleep time.

Additionally, CBN has been found to treat the following disorders, conditions or diseases:

• Sleeping Aid[32,33,34]
• Inflammation[35]
• Pain[36]
• Bacteria
• Appetite Deficiency
• Glaucoma[37]
• Seizures
• Bone Growth[38,39,40,41]

One of the more notable study findings was that CBN achieved pain relief without interacting with our CB1 or CB2 receptors. This is exciting news since CBD works exclusively with the CB1 and CB2 receptors – which suggest that combining CBD and CBN could substantially increase pain relief.

Full Spectrum CBCCBC – Cannabichromene is a cannabinoid that has shown great promise in pain relief. Specifically, researchers found that CBC, when combined with CBD, increased pain relief compared to CBD alone.

However, CBC is not just about pain relief. As you might have guessed, CBC has also been found to treat the following disorders, conditions or diseases:

• Pain Relief[42]
• Depression[43,44]
• Fungus
• Bacteria
• Cancer Growth
• Inflammation
• Anxiety[45]
• Bone Density
• New Brain Cells

With regards to anxiety, one of the studies noted that CBC interacts with CB1 receptors to stimulate the release of chemicals that reduce excitability in the brain.

Similarly, CBD has an effect on the limbic and paralimbic areas of the brain to reduce anxiety. For those with anxiety issues, this suggests that combining CBC with CBD may prove to be most beneficial.

Full Spectrum CBDaCBDa – Cannabidiolic Acid is the acid precursor to CBD. It is found in abundant quantities in live plants. Through a process called decarboxylation, which can happen through process heat or sunlight, the CBDa turns into CBD.

Studies have shown that CBDa has been found to treat the following disorders, conditions or diseases:

• Nausea[46]
• Vomiting[46]
• Convulsing[46]
• Bacteria[47]
• Cancer
• Fungus[47]
• Inflammation
• Pain

CBDa has also demonstrated anti-oxidant properties, and was the subject of two promising studies which suggested that CBDa may have application for cancer in general, and aggressive breast cancer.

Full Spectrum CBGCBG – Cannabigerol is ironically, the chemical parent to CBD and THC. Enzymes break down most of this cannabinoid into THC and CBD. CBG has some very interesting properties as an anti-inflammatory, and shown to be particularly effective at treating glaucoma.

CBG has been found through studies to treat the following disorders, conditions or diseases:

• Glaucoma[48]
• Inflammatory Bowel Disease
• Huntington’s Disease[49]
• Cancer Cell Growth[50]
• Bacteria
• Appetite Deficiency

Researchers are now looking at ways of combining CBG with other cannabinoids to devise treatments for specific conditions.

Vitamins and Minerals in Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

Full Spectrum Vitamins And MineralsFull spectrum hemp oil has Vitamins A, B-complex, E, niacin, thiamine, riboflavin and beta-carotene (which is the precursor to Vitamin A).

Since beta-carotene is absent from so many diets, this is considered to be of significant health benefit.

As far as minerals, full spectrum hemp oil contains iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc, calcium and phosphorus.

These minerals play a role in the health of our blood, nerve, muscle, immune and skeletal systems.

Essential Fats and Proteins in Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

Full Spectrum Essential Fatty Acids
Full Spectrum Hemp Oil contains a significant amount of protein which is helpful in both building and repairing tissue.

Perhaps one of the most significant health ingredients in full spectrum hemp oil are all 20 amino acids, including the 9 essential ones.

“Essential” means that your body requires it, but does not produce it. Therefore, the only way to acquire these essential fatty acids is through diet.

Two of the most important essential fatty acids included in full spectrum hemp oil are Omega-3 and Omega-6.

The interesting thing to note here is that on average, our diet tends to balance these two essential acids in a 25:1 ratio – when they need to be in a 3:1 ratio. Full spectrum hemp oil contains these essential acids in the optimal 3:1 ratio.

Terpenes in Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

Full Spectrum TerpenesTerpenes are what give hemp and cannabis its flavor. There are 11 primary terpenes that drive the main aromas, plus approximately 20 other terpenes that are considered more minor in nature.

Let’s take a look at the 11 primary terpenes responsible for all of the flavor:

Caryophyllene – This is what gives black pepper its spiciness. Has been shown to fight anxiety, epilepsy and chronic pain. Works in tandem with the CB2 receptor.

Geraniol – Most commonly found in roses, bees also make it to mark flowers that are excellent sources of nectar. It is water insoluble and clear yellow in color.

Humulene – This terpene is the hoppy aroma you smell in beer because it picks it up from the hops when the beer is brewed.

Linalool – This terpene is found most often in lavender, and has been researched for its sedative and anti-anxiety properties. It has the smell of flowers with a dash of spice.

Limonene – Found in the rinds of all citrus fruits like oranges and lemons, this terpene has anti-depressant effects and improves absorption for skin and mucous membranes.

Myrcene – With a very clovey bouquet, this terpene appears to be closely associated with a sedative effect. It is found in many plants such as mango and hops.

Ocimene – Added to most perfumes, ocimene has sweet undertones. Research indicates that this terpene can help with inflammation and possibly as an anti-fungal.

Pinene – As expected, this terpene has a very piney scent, and is one of the most commonly found terpenes in nature. Known benefits include anti-inflammation, bronchodilator and increased alertness.

Terpineol – Contributing to a relaxing effect, terpineol is thought to be what confines you to a couch with certain strains. Research shows potential benefits as a sedative, as well as antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Terpinolene – Found in many fragrant plants like lilacs and apples, terpinolene has a very fresh citrus and pine aroma. Studies have shown potential for anti-fungal, anticancer and antioxidant properties.

Valencene – As the name suggests, this terpene is commonly found in Valencia oranges, and has the distinct aroma of oranges and grapefruit. Research shows evidence of anti-inflammatory properties, and is a known repellent of mosquitoes.

The Entourage Effect = Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

The Entourage EffectThe term The Entourage Effect was first coined in 1998 by two Israeli scientists, S. Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam, who were studying the effects of cannabis.

What they found was that when all cannabinoids were present, that it magnified the therapeutic benefits of the plant’s individual components.

In other words, there is far more medicinal benefit with the entirety of the whole plant compared to the sum of its parts.

Researchers were able to easily compare the effects of equal amounts of CBD isolate (CBD in pure form) versus that of full spectrum hemp oil, and found far greater medicinal value in the full spectrum.

In 2011, in another landmark study studying the synergistic nature of cannabinoids, Dr. Ethan Russo discovered the importance of terpenes[51] in therapy.

His findings indicated that terpenes have a high therapeutic value, however, they were typically lacking in CBD-only products.

Dr. Russo’s report also stated that cannabinoid-terpenoid interactions “could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal and bacterial infections.”

With respect to cannabis oil which does have THC as well as all of the other cannabinoids, THC has been found to have multiple and significant therapeutic roles as well.

One example is that THC inhibits an enzyme implicated in the formation of beta amyloid plaque, the hallmark of Alzheimer’s-related dementia[52].

Another interesting fact is that CBD and certain terpenes can act as a ‘governor’ with respect to THC, often times significantly diminishing the effects of THC.

Full spectrum hemp oil does not, by legal definition, contain more than 0.3% THC, which means it has no psychoactive effects.

Is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Legal?

Is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Legal?The short answer is that full spectrum hemp oil is legal in all 50 states. That said, we will make an important distinction here, and so should you.

Hemp and Marijuana both come from the same plant family, cannabis. And companies are able to make full spectrum hemp oil from both plants. However, full spectrum hemp oil is only legal if it is derived from hemp plants.

If it sounds confusing, it is – because the laws have not yet caught up to the science.

Companies can extract out the THC from marijuana plants, thus providing the exact same ingredients as full spectrum hemp oil. But the law says if it is derived from marijuana plants (and not from hemp plants), the full spectrum oil would then be considered illegal in 40 states.

Although companies are smart enough to avoid selling illegal products on a state-by-state basis, the most important task for consumers (in 40 of our 50 states) is to double-check that the pure spectrum hemp oil was made from hemp plants.

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