Hemp Oil For Sleep

Hemp Oil For Sleep

Hemp Oil For SleepAccording to the American Sleep Association[1] 50-70 million Americans have a sleep disorder. There are several types of sleep disorders, but by far the most common is insomnia.

In fact, 30% of adults in the country will have experienced insomnia at some point in their lives, and around 10% suffer from it chronically. On the other hand, we’ve all experienced some form of sleep deprivation, with many of us having an ongoing problem with it.

While there are countless medications and treatment options for people, hemp oil for sleep has shown significant promise as a healthy sleep aid for people from all walks of life.

Before we discuss hemp oil for sleep and how it could benefit you, it’s important to learn more about how sleep affects us and the potentially dangerous side effects of prescribed medications.

Sleep Deprivation vs. Insomnia

Hemp Oil For InsomniaThe primary difference between insomnia and sleep deprivation is that insomnia is the inability to sleep at all or adequately – even when presented with the opportunity to do so.

On the flip side, sleep deprivation is the inability to sleep at length due to externally imposed restrictions. However, it can also be caused by any number of physical or mental problems as well.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is estimated at least 35% of adults in the U.S. are not getting the recommended 7-9 hours of sleep a day. Some of the medical risks associated with poor sleep include:

• Increased blood pressure[2]
• Cardiovascular disease[2]
• Obesity[3,4]
• Diabetes[5]
• Stroke
• Low libido
• Depression
Deep sleep plays a critical role in the production and balance of hormones that help the body fight infections, build muscle mass, repair cells and more. Sleep deprivation is not healthy, and anything you can do to rectify this condition will only result in improved health.

Another significant risk of sleep deprivation is that at least 10-15% of all fatal motor vehicle accidents are related to driver fatigue or sleepiness[6]. There are many other dangers of daytime and nighttime drowsiness in the work place which can cause serious accidents or injuries. This is especially true as sleep deprivation leads to poor cognitive performance[7].

Important Functions of Sleep

Hemp For SleepMany people are resentful that with the relatively short lives we live, one third of it should be spent sleeping. Others will argue it’s the best time of day – naturally these aren’t the folks suffering from a sleep disorder. The truth is there is a reason we’ve all evolved to sleep and for a number of important reasons too – though research and arguments still rage on.

There are two types of sleep which consist of REM (rapid eye movement) and non-REM sleep. Depending on which professional you speak to, there are three known stages of sleep which include stages 1-3 (non-REM) and finally REM sleep that compromise a complete sleep cycle. You’ll ideally experience several sleep cycles throughout a good night’s sleep. Each sleep cycle will usually range anywhere from 90-120 minutes in duration.

Stage 1 – The first stage consists of the transition from wakefulness to sleep and usually only lasts a few minutes. It’s a relatively unrestful period that’s easy to wake up from. Your breathing, heartbeat and eye movements slow down, and your muscles start to relax. You may be somewhat conscious during this period, but not know you’re asleep or in the process of falling deeper asleep.

Stage 2 – The second stage is one in which we spend the majority of our sleep cycles in. It’s a period of light sleep before you enter deep sleep, where your breathing and heartbeat continue to slow down, and your muscles relax more. Your eye movements stop, and your body temperature lowers. This stage is important as it helps the body to process memories and emotions. Your metabolism also regulates itself during this stage.

Stage 3 – This is a period of deep sleep which is important for people to feel rested and refreshed in the morning. Your breathing and heartbeat will drop to their lowest levels during the entire sleep cycle, and your muscles are very relaxed. It’s usually difficult to wake people from this stage of sleep and if woken, you’ll feel very disorientated and groggy. Your body secretes growth hormone (hGH) during deep sleep which is important for cellular rebuilding and repair – for tissues, bone and muscle. Your immune system also strengthens with deep sleep.

REM – The final stage of the sleep cycle is REM, which we enter after sleeping for around 90 minutes. It lasts approximately 10 minutes at first, but with further sleep cycles, can last as long as an hour. It’s the period of sleep where we dream and our brain waves are the most active when compared to stages 2 and 3 – even though our bodies are literally paralyzed to help prevent movement. It’s commonly thought that while the earlier stages of sleep are important for the body, REM sleep is best for the brain. It’s the period where your brain regulates emotions and memory (including removing the memories it deems unimportant). It’s also the most crucial time for protein synthesis at the cellular level.

Interesting Facts About Sleep

Being able to have a consistent, restful, peaceful sleep is one of the most important things you can do to stay healthy. Here are a few facts about sleep that you may not have known:

• Having interrupted sleep is worse for you than staying awake.

• Sometimes half our brain is alert while the other half sleeps which is thought to help us remain more vigilant.

• Around 12% of people actually dream in black and white.

• Those who are born blind will experience dreams of emotion, smell and sound instead of sight.

• Within 5-10 minutes of waking up, 50-90% of your dreams will be forgotten. This is why it’s important to write down your dreams right away if you’re interested in documenting them.

• Higher earners are reported to get the best sleep, though let’s face it, this isn’t surprising.

• Many people used to have “night caps” which consist of an alcoholic beverage before bed, but research has shown that this interrupts the sleep cycle and makes it difficult to return to sleep once woken.

The Risks of Using Medication for Sleep

No Need For Sleeping Pills With Hemp OilAlthough many people find they have no choice but to take medication for sleep, this course of action often poses a number or risks.

The most worrying risk is that many medications are habit forming, especially when it is found that the majority lead to increased tolerance and dependability.

There are also many side effects associated with these medications which can include gastrointestinal problems, prolonged drowsiness, poor memory, cognitive impairment, headaches, weight gain, dizziness and more.

Common medications prescribed for sleep (including those also used to treat other issues such as depression or anxiety) that can have adverse long term side effects include:

• Amitriptyline
• Trazodone
• Mirtazapine
• Ambien
• Halcion
• Temazepam
Given the profound side effects of pharmaceutical sleeping pills, it would seem to make sense to investigate the natural sleeping compounds found in full spectrum hemp oil.

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil for Sleep

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil For SleepMany sleep deprived individuals may feel they have tried every prescription under the sun – and have yet to find the best treatment for their sleep condition. With all of these adverse side effects, it is easy to see why many doctors first urge people to try more natural remedies.

But let’s not get confused before we begin. Hemp seed oil is a nutritional powerhouse with all the essential fatty acids we need to thrive, in addition to a having a comprehensive profile of vitamins and minerals. Hemp seed oil has outstanding nutritional value, but contains no cannabinoids for specific medicinal effects.

This is where full spectrum hemp oil may be able to help you sleep when other options have failed. Full spectrum hemp oil contains over 100 cannabinoids, and is specifically made from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis sativa hemp plant. Manufacturers may add hemp seed oil in order to craft a more complete product that includes all of those healthy fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.

While more than 100 cannabinoids are present in full spectrum hemp oil, there are a couple in particular that show promise in helping people with a variety of sleep disorders – even related disorders that can lead to insomnia. Below are the two most promising:

CBN Uses for Sleep

CBN Hemp Oil For SleepDerived from tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THC-A), CBN (cannabinol) was actually the first cannabinoid identified by scientists before THC and CBD cannabinoids were discovered.

Although by taking full spectrum hemp extract you would be consuming all of the cannabinoids naturally found in the oil, it is possible to have CBN as an isolated extract (similar to CBD and THC isolates). CBN is fast becoming the new (albeit oldest known) cannabinoid on the block.

Research on CBN is preliminary at best, but it has shown great promise as a sedative (among other uses such as an anti-inflammatory, anti-biotic, pain reliever, appetite stimulant and more). It could also help users sleep deeper and longer, with research in mice demonstrating that it can prolong sleep time[8].

Like all cannabinoids, CBN initiates a response through the CB1 and CB2 receptors via our endocannabinoid system. CBN primarily binds to the CB2 receptor where it assists in relieving pain – and that may be just one reason it’s so effective as a sleeping aid.

This is especially the case for insomnia or sleep deprivation induced by medical conditions such as PTSD, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, chronic pain and more.

CBD Uses for Sleep

CBD Hemp Oil For SleepPerhaps the mostly studied cannabinoid of all time, CBD (cannabidiol) is well known for its calming and relaxing effects – which is why it is also used as a sleep aid.

Within full spectrum hemp oil there is an important terpene known as myrcene. Myrcene does important work with the endocannabinoid receptors to assist CBD in inducing sleep – but it can only be obtained in full spectrum hemp oil – not in CBD oil or CBD isolate.

Similar to CBN, CBD can assist with anxiety, PTSD, stress[9] and chronic pain – all of which can cause sleep deprivation.

However, research also indicates that CBD can help those suffering from other ailments that can negatively affect sleep or cause insomnia such as restless leg syndrome (RLS), sleep apnea and depression. Studies have also demonstrated that CBD does not negatively affect the sleep-wake cycle[10].

Unlike THC there are no psychoactive properties found in CBN or CBD. While many people tout THC for its ability to induce sleep, studies have shown adverse effects such as decreased REM sleep, impaired memory and changes in mood.

Does Hemp Oil Help You Sleep?

Hemp Oil Helps You SleepIf you are looking for a natural sleep aid – one without the side effects of prescription drugs – it is definitely worth considering hemp oil for sleep.

The studies are very clear that CBN and CBD are very helpful in helping fall asleep and staying asleep, not to mention that it may help mitigate anxiety or depression.

It is easy to focus on CBD for sleep as CBD is written about so extensively. But if one were to take that route, they would miss out on CBN, myrcene and and a host of other cannabinoids that would also help with sleep. It is these important, additional cannabinoids that can only be found in full spectrum hemp oil.

In addition to full spectrum hemp oil, here are some tips on ways to improve your sleep routine:

• Try to go to sleep and wake up at the same time each day.

• Exercise regularly (at least 20-30 minutes per day), ideally earlier on in the day.

• Before bed avoid caffeine, nicotine and alcoholic beverages.

• You can try reading or listening to relaxing music.

• Avoid artificial lighting as much as possible in the evening.

• Dim lamps and other lighting for your final evening hours prior to sleep.

• Also try dimming your computer, smart phone, and even your TV, hours before bed.

Although blue light is found in the sun’s rays and can help you stay alert during the day, it can be found in most modern devices such as your TV, smartphone, tablet and computer screens. Try to avoid these devices before sleep, or at the least schedule a blue light filter to turn on a few hours before sleep and turn off again in the morning.

References
1. Sleep and Sleep Disorder Statistics, https://www.sleepassociation.org/about-sleep/sleep-statistics/
2. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2009). At-a-glance: Healthy sleep. Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/sleep/healthy_sleep_atglance.pdf
3. Taheri, S., Lin, L., Austin, D., Young, T., & Mignot, E. (2004). Short sleep duration is associated with reduced leptin, elevated ghrelin, and increased body mass index. PLoS Medicine, 1(3), 210-217.
4. Gangwisch, J. E., Malaspina, D., Boden-Albala, B., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2005). Inadequate sleep as a risk factor for obesity: Analyses of the NHANES I. Sleep, 28, 1289-1296.
5. Spiegel, K., Knutson, K., Leproult, R., Tasali, E., & Van Cauter, E. (2005). Sleep loss: A novel risk factor for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99, 2008-2019.
6. Jane E. Ferrie, Meena Kumari, Paula Salo, Archana Singh-Manoux, and Mika Kivimäki. (2013, May) Sleep epidemiology–a rapidly growing field. International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 40, Issue 6, 1 December 2011, Pages 1431–1437.
7. Paula Alhola1 and Päivi Polo-Kantola. (2007, October) Sleep deprivation: Impact on cognitive performance. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 3(5): 553–567.
8. Yoshida H, Usami N, Ohishi Y, Watanabe K, Yamamoto I, Yoshimura H. (1995, February) Synthesis and pharmacological effects in mice of halogenated cannabinol derivatives. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 43(2):335-7.
9. Hill MN, Patel S, Campolongo P, Tasker JG, Wotjak CT, Bains JS. (2010, November) Functional interactions between stress and the endocannabinoid system: from synaptic signaling to behavioral output. The Journal Of Neuroscience, 10;30(45):14980-6.
10. Ila M. P. Linares, Francisco S. Guimaraes, Alan Eckeli, Ana C. S. Crippa, Antonio W. Zuardi, Jose D. S. Souza, Jaime E. Hallak, and José A. S. Crippa. (2018, April) No Acute Effects of Cannabidiol on the Sleep-Wake Cycle of Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 9: 315.
Other Resources:
11. Van Dongen HPA, Dinges DF. (2000) Circadian rhythms in fatigue, alertness, and performance. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC. eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. New York: WB Saunders Co.;3rd ed. 391-399.
12. Ancoli-Israel S, Roth T. Characteristics of insomnia in the United States: results of the 1991 National Sleep Foundation Survey. I. Sleep, 22(suppl2):S347-S353.
13. Ford DE, Kamerow DB. (2001) Epidemiologic study of sleep disturbances and psychiatric disorders. An opportunity for prevention? JAMA. 1989;262:1479-1484.
14. Sleep in America Poll. Washington, DC: National Sleep Foundation.
15. Sateia MJ, Doghramji K, Hauri PJ, Morin CM. (2000) Evaluation of chronic insomnia. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Review. Sleep, 23:243-308.
16. Bonnet MH, Arand DL. (1995) 24-Hour metabolic rate in insomniacs and matched normal sleepers. Sleep, 18:581-588.
17. Merica H, Blois R, Gaillard JM. (2008) Spectral characteristics of sleep EEG in chronic insomnia. European Journal of Neuroscience, 10:1826-1834.
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